The South Sudan sanctions program implemented by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) began on April 3, 2014, when the President issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13664. E.O. 13664 addresses the situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region. E.O. 13664 authorizes the imposition of targeted sanctions against specifically identified individuals and entities determined to be engaged in certain activities in South Sudan.