The research found that education is a major priority for returnee, internally displaced and host populations, second only in importance to improved national security and freedom. Overall increased access to and quality of education over the past two years was a key improvement cited by many South Sudanese community members. Demand exceeds the supply of educational services however, and therefore lack of access to education was also found to be the greatest challenge cited by some communties, especially for returnees faced with lower educational standards than those they had become accustomed to elsewhere. Education in emergencies received 2% of the total funding for the South Sudan CAP in 2012. Prioritisation of education in sectoral budget allocations should more closely match what communities are self-selecting as the areas where they want to see change in their lives, families and communities.